Thoughts about the EG guidelines for breathing air units or why “Made in Germany”
The legal regulations existing so far are partly replaced and/or waived partially by the European pressure device guideline, whose 5-year transition and/or conversion period began to run on the 29thof November 1999. That means that during these 5 years the national pressure vessel regulation and the new EEC guideline could be used. If a manufacturer certifies a pressure vessel or a building group after the 29th of November 1999 according to the new EEC guideline, this certification and the treatment accompanying with it must be recognized according to the new Community directive of the authorities of the member countries.
Made in GermanyThroughout between the filling station operators unhappiness and a lack of understanding made it self broad, because some authorities had a problem with the conversion of the new guidelines and even federal guidelines were steadfast ignored.
In many discussions to this topic it was no arbitrariness or chicanery that made the discussions so hard, it was more because of the uncertainty in use of the new regulations and particularly because of safety standards, this reached a serious level for us Germans (by the way, some of our neighbour countries think exactly the same), for which the approving authority must carry the responsibility in case of an accident.
The liberalisations of the regulations, which are meant to lead the EEC to the future adjustment of the safety standards on a common level, gives many big and very dangerous safety losses within the range of the pressure vessel or pressure unit operator and user.
Here is demonstrated to you on an example, why many (with good reasons, opinion of the author) authorities and especially the experts of the “TÜV” are working on a new adapted and national regulation that is up to date, and why they are having problems on getting authorisation.
The end filter box made of aluminium build from a known compressor manufacturer from a foreign European country, was graded class 2 according to the German pressure vessel regulation.
(Capacity x max. pressure = <200) in this case (0,749 L x 265 B = 198, 49)
Pressure vessels from class 2 don’t need a type examination test, they only need a manufacturer certification and a accordingly identification.
The same pressure vessel with the same capacity from 0,749 L you are allowed to load with, believe it or not, 1000 bar, according to the EEC- instructions without a type examination test or something similar is needed!
All that u need is a manufacturer certification that says, that the pressure vessel and the accordingly fabrication comes out of supervised and good engineer work.
Obviously the next question that comes up to our mind and that is totally justifiable is: “What is good and supervised engineer work in Germany compared to Portugal or Greek?”
Without wanting to get onto the wrong side of our neighbour countries, but the serious difference between our work is the safety. The consequence is that we make a huge step backwards of more then a decade. They thought that the main articles are almost the same with the Austrian steam boiler regulations that goes back to the K and K monarchie equivalent to our pressure vessel regulations.
Pressure vessels that go over the level of 200 need a type examination test according to the BAM (federal institute for material testing). If the foreign compressor manufacturers build a 300 bar compressor and the suitable filter, it needed a type examination test, but to save these costs of that examination they kept the length of the filter tube short so that it falls und class II. This the manufacturer only did if the Austrian or German customers requested it (in other countries especially in the country of this manufacturer regulations don’t really matter even more if they are from other countries – because they are more then far away). This kind of dealing would be impossible for German manufactures, already because of the liability law it is unimaginable.
As summary of all this you can be sure of, that German or Austrian manufactures are still building there units according to rules and regulation certificates, such as the “AD- leaflet” or the “technical rules for pressure gases and pressure vessels”. This is a possibility, to show why the old saying and brand “Made in Germany” is a proof of advanced technology and high quality.
For ages Italian manufactures rather bought German cars instead or bought German machines to produce their products. That shows how much trust was in the brand “Made in Germany” and the German producers are showing that they want to follow that tradition, and they want to use the regress safety regulations from Brussels as a chance to polish up their name!
With the security of units and machines no compromises and no backward Steps must be made, in fact the undeveloped countries should try and catch up with the help of high technology partners. Backward steps don’t bring any progress, no innovation and it also brings a regressed training and education standard or causes a huge movement of qualified labour.
In no case this article or the author wants to lead against Europe or wants to lead a boycott against other producers of other neighbour countries.
The Europe thought is definitely not the thought that every European member should give up he’s identity. Europe is more and more going to loose its good image with this way of politic that is dragged through the mud already, but that makes us a good partner for the American business (or in other words it makes us to a good “take over target” in the time of globalization and tacking over of markets).
There is one thing that we can copy from the americans and make it usefull to us, a little bit of national pride!